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Python处理PDF及生成多层PDF实例代码

Python提供了众多的PDF支持库,本文是在Python3环境下,试用了两个库来完成PDF的生成的功能。PyPDF对于读取PDF支持较好,但是没找到生成多层PDF的方法。Reportlab看起来更成熟,能够利用Canvas很方便的生成多层PDF,这样就能够实现图片扫描上来的内容也可以进行内容搜索的目标。

Reportlab

生成双层PDF

双层PDF应用PDF中的Canvas概念,先画文字,最后将图片画上去,这样就是两层的PDF。

import os
# import urllib2
import time
from reportlab import platypus
from reportlab.lib.pagesizes import letter
from reportlab.lib.units import inch
from reportlab.platypus import SimpleDocTemplate, Image
from reportlab.pdfgen import canvas

image_file = "./42.png"

# Use Canvas to generate pdf
c = canvas.Canvas('reportlab_canvas.pdf', pagesize=letter)
width, height = letter

c.setFillColorRGB(0,0.77,0.77)
# say hello (note after rotate the y coord needs to be negative!)
c.drawString( 3*inch, 3*inch, "Hello World")
c.drawImage(image_file, 0 , 0)
c.showPage()
c.save()

PyPDF2

读取PDF

from PyPDF2 import PdfFileWriter, PdfFileReader

output = PdfFileWriter()
input1 = PdfFileReader(open("jquery.pdf", "rb"))

# print document info
print(input1.getDocumentInfo())

# print how many pages input1 has:
print ("pdf_document.pdf has %d pages." % input1.getNumPages())

# print page content
page_content = input1.getPage(0).extractText()
print( page_content )

# add page 1 from input1 to output document, unchanged
output.addPage(input1.getPage(0))

# add page 2 from input1, but rotated clockwise 90 degrees
output.addPage(input1.getPage(1).rotateClockwise(90))

# finally, write "output" to document-output.pdf
outputStream = open("PyPDF2-output.pdf", "wb")
output.write(outputStream)

但是PyPDF获取PDF内容有很多问题,可以看这个问题列表。文档中也有说明。

| extractText(self) | ## | # Locate all text drawing commands, in the order they are provided in the | # content stream, and extract the text. This works well for some PDF | # files, but poorly for others, depending on the generator used. This will | # be refined in the future. Do not rely on the order of text coming out of | # this function, as it will change if this function is made more | # sophisticated. | #
 | # Stability: Added in v1.7, will exist for all future v1.x releases. May | # be overhauled to provide more ordered text in the future. | # @return a unicode string object

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