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详解vue-cli快速构建项目以及引入bootstrap、jq

vue-cli脚手架工具快速构建项目架构:

。。首先默认了有已经安装了node。。。

npm install -g vue-cli 全局安装vue-cli

vue init webpack cnm 生成项目名为cnm的的项目模板,cnm自定义

npm install 到cnm文件夹中打开Git bash或者命令窗口初始化安装依赖

此时文件夹目录应该是这样

查看图片

然后输入npm run dev。。不出意外浏览器会自动弹出一个欢迎页面,如果不自动弹出就打开http://localhost:8080

查看图片

到这里就可以在对应的文件中修改代码开发项目了。。。但是如果要引入一些插件或者框架怎么办呢?

引入jq:

输入 npm install jQuery --save-dev 用npm下载jq依赖、

找到build文件夹下的webpack.base.conf.js文件打开,修改配置:

1、加入webpack对象:

var webpack=require('webpack');

2、在module.exports里面加入:

plugins: [ 
 new webpack.ProvidePlugin({ 
  $:"jquery", 
  jQuery:"jquery", 
  "windows.jQuery":"jquery" 
 }) 
] 

3、在入口文件main.js中加入

import $ from 'jquery'

全局引入jq

引入bootstrap:

1、修改webpack.base.conf.js文件:

alias: { 
   'vue$': 'vue/dist/vue.esm.js', 
   '@': resolve('src'), 
   'assets': path.resolve(__dirname, '../src/assets'), 
   'jquery': "jquery/src/jquery" 
  } 

2、在入口文件main.js中加入:

import './assets/css/bootstrap.min.css' 
import './assets/js/bootstrap.min' 

3、在assets文件目录中拷贝bootstrap各种文件

查看图片

试试bootstrap引入成功没:

打开hello.vue文件

替换组件模板

<template> 
 <nav class="navbar navbar-default" role="navigation"> 
  <div class="container-fluid"> 
   <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display --> 
   <div class="navbar-header"> 
    <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#bs-example-navbar-collapse-1"> 
     <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span> 
     <span class="icon-bar"></span> 
     <span class="icon-bar"></span> 
     <span class="icon-bar"></span> 
    </button> 
    <a class="navbar-brand" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >{{ msg }}</a> 
   </div> 
 
   <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling --> 
   <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="bs-example-navbar-collapse-1"> 
    <ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
     <li class="active"><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Link</a></li> 
     <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Link</a></li> 
     <li class="dropdown"> 
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">Dropdown <span class="caret"></span></a> 
      <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu"> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Action</a></li> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Another action</a></li> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Something else here</a></li> 
       <li class="divider"></li> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Separated link</a></li> 
       <li class="divider"></li> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >One more separated link</a></li> 
      </ul> 
     </li> 
    </ul> 
    <form class="navbar-form navbar-left" role="search"> 
     <div class="form-group"> 
      <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search"> 
     </div> 
     <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">Submit</button> 
    </form> 
    <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right"> 
     <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Link</a></li> 
     <li class="dropdown"> 
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">Dropdown <span class="caret"></span></a> 
      <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu"> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Action</a></li> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Another action</a></li> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Something else here</a></li> 
       <li class="divider"></li> 
       <li><a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >Separated link</a></li> 
      </ul> 
     </li> 
    </ul> 
   </div><!-- /.navbar-collapse --> 
  </div><!-- /.container-fluid --> 
 </nav> 
</template> 

如果引入成功

查看图片

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