收藏本站 收藏本站
积木网首页 - 软件测试 - 常用手册 - 站长工具 - 技术社区
首页 > 数据库 > MySQL > 正文

首页 - PHP - 数据库 - 操作系统 - 游戏开发 - JS - Android - MySql - Redis - MongoDB - Win8 - Shell编程 - DOS命令 - jQuery - CSS样式 - Python - Perl

Access - Oracle - DB2 - SQLServer - MsSql2008 - MsSql2005 - Sqlite - PostgreSQL - node.js - extjs - JavaScript vbs - Powershell - Ruby

mysql 5.7.14 安装配置代码分享

本文记录了mysql 5.7.14 安装配置代码,具体内容如下

OS: CentOS 6.6
DB: Mysql 5.7.14

1. 下载mysql

cd /tools

wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.14-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz

2.创建MySQL二进制解压文件的目录

mkdir -p /opt/mysql 

[root@zw-test-db mysql]# cd /tools/ 
[root@zw-test-db tools]# ll -l mysql-5.7.14-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz 
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 642694570 Aug 29 15:02 mysql-5.7.14-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz 

3. 解压到 /opt/mysql 目录下

[root@zw-test-db tools]# cd /opt/mysql/ 
[root@zw-test-db mysql]# tar -zxvf /tools/mysql-5.7.14-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz 


[root@zw-test-db mysql]# mv mysql-5.7.14-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64/ mysql-5.7.14 
[root@zw-test-db mysql]# ll 
drwxr-xr-x 9 7161 31415 4096 Jul 12 21:03 mysql-5.7.14 

4. 创建一个软连接到 /usr/local

[root@zw-test-db mysql]# cd /usr/local/ 
[root@zw-test-db local]# ls 
bin etc games include lib lib64 libexec redis-3.2.2 sbin share src 
[root@zw-test-db local]# ln -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.7.14 /usr/local/mysql 


[root@zw-test-db local]# ll mysql 
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 23 Aug 31 17:36 mysql -> /opt/mysql/mysql-5.7.14 
[root@zw-test-db local]# 

5. 创建用户

[root@zw-test-db /]# groupadd mysql 
[root@zw-test-db /]# useradd -M -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/mysql mysql 

-s nologin 没有shell 不能登录的

6. 基于配置文件创建基本的目录

mkdir /data/mysql 
mkdir /data/mysql/mysql_3306 
cd /data/mysql/mysql_3306/ 
mkdir data 
mkdir logs 
mkdir tmp 
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql/mysql3306 

7.创建/etc/my.cnf配置文件 (过程略)

8.初始化,5.7的初始化会加一个默认的密码

[root@zw-test-db mysql]# cd /usr/local/mysql/ 
[root@zw-test-db mysql]# ./bin/mysqld --initialize 


[root@zw-test-db data]# pwd 
/data/mysql/mysql_3306/data 

### 下面是5.5, 5.6 初始化 
/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql 

9.查看 error日志,看有没有error

cd /data/mysql/mysql_3306/data 

[root@zw-test-db data]# vim error.log 
[root@zw-test-db data]# tail -f error.log 
2016-08-31T09:44:32.394657Z 0 [Note] Giving 0 client threads a chance to die gracefully 
2016-08-31T09:44:32.394680Z 0 [Note] Shutting down slave threads 
2016-08-31T09:44:32.394686Z 0 [Note] Forcefully disconnecting 0 remaining clients 
2016-08-31T09:44:32.415409Z 0 [Note] Binlog end 
2016-08-31T09:44:32.434217Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2016-08-31T09:44:32.434293Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown... 
2016-08-31T09:44:32.534587Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Dumping buffer pool(s) to /data/mysql/mysql_3306/data/ib_buffer_pool 
2016-08-31T09:44:32.534741Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Buffer pool(s) dump completed at 160831 17:44:32 
2016-08-31T09:44:34.308784Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 2525428 
2016-08-31T09:44:34.308945Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Removed temporary tablespace data file: "ibtmp1" 

10.查看初始化密码

[root@zw-test-db data]# grep password error.log
2016-08-31T09:44:21.172167Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: 8aahkRkxfm%t

密码是: 8aahkRkxfm%t

11 创建一个启动脚本

[root@zw-test-db data]# cd /usr/local/mysql/
[root@zw-test-db mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
cp: overwrite `/etc/init.d/mysql'? y

12.启动mysql的三种方式

方式一:

root@zw-test-db bin]# ./mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
[1] 12455 
[root@zw-test-db bin]# 160830 15:18:01 mysqld_safe Logging to '/usr/local/mysql/data/zw-test-db.err'. 
160830 15:18:01 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/data 

方式二:

[root@zw-test-db bin]# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart
Shutting down MySQL..160830 15:18:14 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /usr/local/mysql/data/zw-test-db.pid ended
        [ OK ]
 
Starting MySQL.      [ OK ] 
[1]+ Done   ./mysqld_safe --user=mysql 

方式三:

[root@zw-test-db bin]# service mysqld restart 
Shutting down MySQL..     [ OK ]
Starting MySQL.      [ OK ] 
[root@zw-test-db bin]# 

13. 添加环境变量

echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin" >> /root/.bash_profile
source /root/.bash_profile

14. 登陆

[root@zw-test-db mysql]# mysql -u root -p 
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g. 
Your MySQL connection id is 3 
Server version: 5.7.14-log 


Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 


Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its 
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective 
owners. 

Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement. 

root@localhost [(none)]>show databases; --提示要修改密码 
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this statement. 

15.修改密码

root@localhost [(none)]>alter user user() identified by '123456'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) 

mysql> flush privileges; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) 

root@localhost [(none)]>show databases;
+--------------------+ 
| Database  | 
+--------------------+ 
| information_schema | 
| mysql  | 
| performance_schema | 
| sys  | 
+--------------------+ 
4 rows in set (0.00 sec) 

可以查看数据库了

16. 5.6版本之前需要帐号安全加固,5,7以后 test数据库都没有了

delete from mysql.user where user!='root' or host!='localhost'; --删除非root用户,登陆主机不是localhost的账号 
flush privileges; 
alter user user() identified by '123456'; 
drop database test; 
truncate mysql.db;

精彩专题分享:mysql不同版本安装教程 mysql5.7各版本安装教程

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持积木网。

mysql 5.7.15 安装配置方法图文教程
MySQL数据库作为关系型数据库中的佼佼者,因其体积小,速度快,成本低,不仅受到了市场的极大追捧,也受到了广大程序员的青睐。接下来,就给大家

MySQL压测工具mysqlslap的介绍与使用
一、Mysqlslap介绍mysqlslap是MySQL5.1之后自带的benchmark基准测试工具,类似ApacheBench负载产生工具,生成schema,装载数据,执行benckmark和查询数据,语法简单

Mysql获取id最大值、表的记录总数等相关问题的方法汇总
一、mysql获取当前字段最大idSQL语句:selectmax(id)fromyourtable;二、获取mysql表自增(Auto_increment)值Auto_increment是表中的一个属性,只要把表的状态获取到,也就

本周排行

更新排行

强悍的草根IT技术社区,这里应该有您想要的! 友情链接:b2b电子商务
Copyright © 2010 Gimoo.Net. All Rights Rreserved  京ICP备05050695号